Belgaum is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is officially known as Belagavi. The city is also recognized as the ‘Sugar Bowl of Karnataka’ because of the massive sugarcane cultivation and production conveniences. The city has fixed itself a new name as ‘Kunda Nagari’ because of its renowned sweet dish, Kunda, made with milk, sugar and spices. Waterfall trekking is a very popular adventure sport here.
Belgaum was ruled by the Chalukyas, the Satavahanas followed by the Rashtrakutas. However, it was under the rule of Rattas and the Kadambas in the 12th century that the city attained its preeminence.
The geo coordinates of Belgaum is 15.8497° north latitude and 4.4977° east longitude. The average elevation is 2643 feet (751 meters). The city is bordered with Goa and Maharashtra. Belgaum is situated near the foothills of Sahyadri mountain range in the Western Ghats. Rivers like Krishna, Markandeya, Vedaganga Hiranyakeshi, Malaprabha, Ghataprabha, Mahadai, and Doodhaganga flow across the district.
Belgaum has tropical savanna climate. The weather remains pleasant throughout the year. The region experiences continuous rainfall from mid of June through mid September. It receives hailstorm sometimes during the month of April.
Belgaum is known for its sugar production. The city is also known for a large number of automobile parts building units and its foundry cluster. It is second in the state after Bangalore in exports of automotive parts. Belgaum is an important center for fruits, meat, vegetables, mining production, wood, poultry and fish.
In the surrounding area, there are popular tourist places like Amboli, Jamboti, Kamal Basadi, Belagavi Fort, Goaves Circle, Military Animal Park, Chhatrapati Shivaji Statue, Gokak Falls, Kapileshwar Temple and Jamboti Hills.
Major localities in the city are Rani Chenamma Nagar, Mandoli Road, Nehru Nagar, Tilakwadi, Saundatti, Club Road, Gandhi Nagar, Bailhongal, Bastwad, Gokul Nagar and Hanuman Nagar.
Belgaum has excellent local bus connectivity. The city is on the major Indian Railways grid being part of Hubli-Division. It is well connected by rail to cities like Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune/Delhi and Goa. The city also has an airport located 10 kilometers from the city center.
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