Chennai, the city that will fulfill all your dreams
Chennai earlier known as Madrasis the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. According to a survey conducted in 2011, Chennai is the fourth populous urban center and the sixth largest city in India. Internationally, Chennai is the 36th largest urban area in the world. Talking about the economy of Chennai, the city has the 3rd highest GDP in India. Chennai is also in the list of 100 cities in India which will be developed under the smart cities mission by the Indian government. Chennai is known all over the world for its supreme quality of silk and is the center of weaving industry in India. Silk sarees of Chennai and Kanchipuram in particular are famous throughout India.
Long history of the city
Chennai was under the rule of the Chola Empire that lasted from 1st to 12th century. After the Cholas, it was the Vijaynagar Empire that ruled over the city. In 1522 Portuguese first arrived in the city and undertook the construction of a fort called St. Thomas. In the year 1746, establishments under Portuguese and Dutch were captured by French. The British took over the control of the region in 1749 by signing the treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle. British who were controlling the region has to face several defeats at the hands of the sultan of Mysore who fought with the British in the year 1769. The war between both the parties came to an end after Treaty of Madras was signed. In the 18th century British conquered areas of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and established Madras presidency making Madras the capital of the region. In the 19th century Madras was a major naval base under the British; along with it, Chennai was well connected via railways to major cities like Bombay and Calcutta. Madras was the only city in India attacked by the central powers in World War 1. After 1947, Madras was made the capital of Tamil Nadu. In the year 1996, the name of the city was changed from Madras to Chennai.
Chennai is referred to as the Gateway to the South India. It is located on the south-eastern coast of India. The city lies on flat coastal plain and is 22ft above sea level. Cooum and Adyar River are the two major rivers that flow through the city.
Climate of Chennai can be dubbed as tropical wet and dry climate. The hottest time of the year is from May to June. January is the coldest month with moderate low temperatures. Chennai gets good rainfall, which is mainly due to monsoon winds and cyclones arising from the Bay of Bengal.
Demographics culture and people of Chennai
According to the 2011 census, Chennai has a population of 4,646,732. Tamil, Telugu, and English are widely spoken and understood in the city. Other communities that form part of Chennai’s society are Goans, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Bengalis, Telugus, Marwari, Jains, Buddhists, and Kannadigas. Chennai is also the city where Bharata Natyam is widely played in the theaters and is quite a respectable art in the region.
Transport system of Chennai
Chennai is a megacity of the south and has one of the best transport transportation system in the country. Chennai administration has realized the need of the hour and has provided Chennai with best transportation facilities a city can have.
Chennai International airport which comprises of Kamraj domestic terminal and Anna International terminal is the fourth busiest airport in India.
Chennai is connected to the Golden quadrilateral national highway system. Other important highways that connect Chennai with other cities are:
Chennai Metro Rail Corporation has started the construction of metro rail network in Chennai and has completed the first phase which runs from Alandur till Koyambedu and was inaugurated on 29th June 2015.
Chennai and education
Chennai is the center for learning in the southern India, with schools and universities that impart quality education to the students and help them achieve big in life.
List of top 10 schools in Chennai
List of top 10 colleges in Chennai
Endless employment opportunities in Chennai
A number of companies and government institutions have made Chennai their operational strongholds so as to contribute and to get maximum profit out of the growing economy of Chennai. These public and private establishments need a skilled workforce which can match the international standards of completing projects, which in turn generates a huge job market in Chennai.
List of top 10 public sector units in Chennai
List of top 10 private sector units in Chennai
Chennai is called the health capital of India as it attracts more than 45 percent health tourists that visit India annually. Here are the major medical facility centers in Chennai that are well known around the world:
People of Chennai love cricket, and the game is also well promoted in the region. M.A Chidambaram stadiumis the oldest cricket stadium in India and has hosted numerous international cricket matches. Another important cricket stadium in Chennai is Chemplast cricket ground which is situated in IIT Madras Campus.
Other sporting institutions and venues in Chennai are:
Important marketplaces in Chennai
Chennai being an old and a fast growing city has a lot to contribute to the business being carried out in the region. Markets in Chennai attract consumers from all over southern India. Some of the prominent markets of Chennai are given below:
Malls in Chennai
Chennai sees the major influx of people which mainly get settled in the urban areas of the city and demand a better quality of goods with endless varieties to choose from. To fulfill these demands of urban and upper middle class, Chennai has some great malls which are given below:
Must visit tourist places in Chennai
Chennai is a historical city with art and architecture dating back to the period of Cholas, Dutch, and British. Along with this Chennai have some ancient temples which tourists love to visit. Places of tourist attraction in Chennai are given below.