Overview of the City
Guwahati is the largest city in the Indian state of Assam and is a major economic center in northeastern India. After Kolkata, Guwahati is the second largest metropolitan of east India. Guwahati the name comes from two Assamese words, first being "Guwa" which means nut of areca fruit and second "Haati" which means market. The city is administered by Guwahati Municipal Corporation; on the other hand administration of greater Guwahati metropolitan area is under Guwahati Metropolitan development authority. Guwahati is a place with many sanctuaries, where an individual can experience a large diversity of wildlife which includes endangered birds, Gaurs, pythons, Asian elephants, and tigers.
According to Purana and other historical Indian texts, the city is assumed to be one of the ancient cities of Asia. Guwahati has been the capital of various kingdoms of the ancient era including Narakasura and Bhagadatta Empires. Ancient monuments like Basistha, Kamakhya Temple, and Navagraha Temple are locations of mythological importance in the city. In medieval era the region was mostly dominated by Ahom kings and was the seat of Borphukan, the highest military authority in Assam. Mughals challenged Ahoms and tried invading Assam more than seventeen times and were defeated by them in the battle of Saraighat and battle of Itakhuli, as Ahoms fought hard under the strong leadership of Lachit Borphukan. After the failed attempts of Mughal against Ahoms, it was British who defeated Ahoms in 1826 and established their rule over Assam and Guwahati in particular.
Guwahati comes under humid subtropical climate type, marginally short from tropical savanna climate. The average temperature of the city throughout the city is 24.2 degree Celsius.
Guwahati lies on the southern bank of river Brahmaputra, making it a major Riverine port. Guwahati lies in between foothills of Shilling Plateau and Brahmaputra River. LGB airport lies to the west of the city and to the east lies town of Narengi.
People, Culture, Demographics, and Cuisine of the City
Guwahati is a fast growing city and its population is estimated to become 2.8 million till 2025. The average literacy rate of the city is 91.47 percent which is exceptionally good compared to other cities in India and especially cities in the northeastern region. 84.74 percent of the population of Guwahati adheres to Hindu faith, while a sizeable minority of population follows Islam and Christianity.
Guwahati has a rich cuisine to offer. The cuisine of Guwahati is influenced by Bengali, eastern Bihari, and Nepalese cuisine. A typical Assamese dish takes off with Khaar, an alkaline dish prepared to encourage appetite. Usually, the main course of Assamese dishes includes Aaloo Pitika, Masoor Tenga (sort of a fish curry), Taamul and Paan. Betel nuts are grown in plenty in Guwahati and are transported to all parts of the world. Assamese and Bodo are the main languages used for communication in Guwahati. English and Hindi are also spoken and understood in the city.
Arts and crafts are significant cultural attributes of the city. Handicrafts made using cane and bamboo, pottery, handloom, metal arts, jewelry and wooden crafts are easily available here. In Guwahati, all major festivals of various faiths are celebrated with equal joy and happiness. Durga Pooja, Diwali and Dussehra along with Christmas and Eid are celebrated with great enthusiasm. Adding to this Guwahati also hosts numerous cultural and religious events all along the year. Festival and events in the city help visitors to have an insight into the rich culture and traditions of the region.
Guwahati is a major commercial center of complete North East. It is a central trading region in the North Eastern India. India’s largest tea Auction Centre is located in Guwahati. Guwahati contributes to the petroleum sector by having a refinery of IOCL in the Noonmati area of the city. Tourism and, education, cultural activities, recreation, and research are also a major section that contributes to the economy of the city. Various manufacturing units are established in the passing decade, to give a boost to the growing economy of the city. The government has contributed by organizing seminars, setting up fairs and lot of other initiatives to encourage people regarding various growing sectors than can swell the already growing economy.
Maniram Dewan trade center is developed to raise awareness regarding several economic initiatives among the people of the city. Guwahati contributes in a large way to the income of the state.
All the centralized, international and private bank have their presence in Guwahati city including HDFC, AXIS, Yes Bank, Standard Chartered Bank, HSBC, Overseas bank and a lot more. Reserve bank of India also has a branch in the Guwahati city. Various IT companies have their setups in Guwahati that includes tech giants such as TCS, HCL etc.
Guwahati being an urban center in eastern India has several markets and sophisticated malls to cater the demands of every type of income earner. Markets of Assam are filled with goods such as spices, tea, handicrafts, betel nuts, daily household items, traditional clothes, a various variety of fishes, etc. Some of the famous malls and markets of the city are given below:
City’s Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, located in Borjhar, which is 20 kilometers west of the center of the city. The airport is the eighth busiest airport in India considering of both national and international passenger traffic. Flights from the city are available to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, etc.
NH 31 connects links with states of Bihar, West Bengal, and Jharkhand. NH 37 from Goalpara in Assam runs to Dimapur in the state of Nagaland, and travels the entire length of Assam and connects Guwahati with cities of Jorhat, and Dibrugarh. The areas of Adabari and Paltan Bazaar also act as focal points in providing bus services nearby districts in Assam and adjoining states. A metro rail project has also been planned to get rid citizens from hectic traffic conditions.
The city of Guwahati comes under Northeast Frontier Railway Zone of the Railways. The Guwahati Junction, in Paltan Bazaar, is the major railway station. Other railway stations in the city are the Kamakhya, New Guwahati Junction services and Azara Railway Station.
The Inland Water Transport Department of the city has its head office at Pandu port. Waterways transportation services in the city are used for carrying bulk goods and packed loads, and tourist's vessels. Ferry services for people are available from different ports along the Brahmaputra to the port of Pandu.
Main sports that are played with great zeal in the city are football and cricket. Guwahati has some of the best outdoor and indoor stadiums in India. Nehru stadium is one notable stadium in the city which hosts several cricket and football matches. Other smaller stadiums in the city include Maligaon North-East Frontier Railway Stadium, Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium, Tayabullah Hockey Stadium, and Maulana MD Hall. ACA Stadium at Baraspara in Guwahati is an exclusive cricket stadium which hosts several domestic and international cricket matches.
Prominent Residential Hubs
Guwahati has been on the list of people who want to move to a city which is less crowded but still has every element of a modern life. The city has been up to the demands of the citizen and is able to provide endless opportunities to its citizens. Some of the major residential hubs of the city are given below:
Healthcare is an important aspect when a person decides to move to a new place or city. Healthcare being a basic necessity of a human life should be provided with the full efficiency to the patients. Healthcare in Guwahati has reached excellent parameters and the city has emerged as the center of medical facilities in northeast India. Given below is the famous list of major hospitals in the region:
Places that Tourist Love to Visit in the City
Tourists basically arrive in the city for two reasons. First to witness the religious heritage of the city in form of ancient temples that are preserved by the archeological department and present and an amazing sight, Second being the wildlife of Guwahati which consists of a variety of animals and most endangered one. Following is the list of major tourist place in the city:
Quality Education in the City
The city has a literacy rate of whopping 92 percent which is mainly due to the excellent education system of the city, which is inclusive and imparts practical knowledge to the students. Following is the list of prestigious schools and colleges in the city:
List of Top 15 Schools
List of Top 25 Colleges
Employment Opportunities Available
The major feature point of a growing economy is the simultaneously growing job market. Many companies have started their units in Guwahati seeing it as a viable market for the future. Following are organizations and company in the city that absorb unemployed in large numbers:
List of Top 5 Public Sector Units
List of Top 15 Private Sector Units