Formerly known as Cochin, Kochi is a major port city located in the coastal areas of western India. The city is often referred to as Ernakulum. Kochi ranks No. 1 city in Kerala in terms of tourists (national and international).
The port city of Kochi was developed during British rule in India. Later, the city became the first princely state to join the Union of India willingly after India achieved Independence. Kochi developed not only as a major industrial and commercial center in India but also as an attractive tourist destination. This reputation, the city has maintained till date.
The geo coordinates of Kochi are 9.9312° north latitude and 76.2673° east longitude. The average elevation is 1 meter (3.28 feet). The total area of Kochi is 98.44 km2 and the coastline is about 48 kilometers. It lies on the windward side of Western Ghats.
Kochi features tropical monsoon climate. There is significant rainfall during most months. There is only a short dry season. The average annual temperature in the region is 27o C.
The huge industrial sector in Kochi is the biggest resource of the economy. Some of the other major contributors to the economy are chemical industries, banking, electronics, construction, spices export of fish, and seafood, import and export of container cargo, hardware, information technology, shipping transportation and shipbuilding.
Being a port city, Kochi has an immense scenic beauty all around. Popular places of tourist interest are Fort Kochi Beach, St. Francis Church, Vasco House, Santa Cruz Basilica, Mattancherry Dutch Palace, Bolghatty Palace, Hill Palace, Pallipuram Fort, Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary, Museum Of Kerala History, Cherai Beach, Veega Land, Marine Drive, Willingdon Island and Parikshith Thampuran Museum.
Major localities of Kochi are Panangad, Palluruthy, Mather Nagar, Nettoor, Vaduthala, Varapuzha, Ramamangalam, Thamaraparambu, Elavoor, Edayar, Kadavanthra and Arookutty.
Kochi is connected with neighboring cities and other major destinations in India by air, road and rail. Kochi International Airport is situated at a distance of 30 km from the main city center. The city has a railway stations that connect it to every major city in India. Kochi also has a state transport bus station.
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