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TCI XPS Kollam


Dwarka Building, Cotton Mill Road, Kollamore..

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AR Roadways Kollam
AR RoadwaysKollam


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Skypak Service Specialist Ltd. Kollam
Skypak Service Specialist Ltd.Kollam


2nd Floor, SKP Building, Beach Road, Kolmore..

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Kollam – The Gateway of Kerala Backwaters

Introducing Kollam (Quilon)

Kollam (known to the Portuguese as Quilon and pronounced Koy-Lon) is a municipal corporation in the district of Kollam in the Indian state of Kerala. It lies 71 kilometers north of the capital city of Thiruvananthapuram (originally Trivandrum), with Alappuzha and Pathanamthitta its north. Tamil Nadu is in the east and Arabian Sea to its west. The city is very famous for coir manufacturing and cashew processing. It is Southern Gateway to Kerala Backwaters. It is one of the most beautiful tourist destinations in South India.

Former name of the city was “Desinganadu”. Kollam was the main center of trade during the Travancore Kingdom. Extolled by Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo in glowing terms, Kollam, as a famous post of Malabar Coast, was once an international center of the spice trade. 30% of the city is covered by Ashtamudi Lake.

History of Kollam

Kollam is known by several names that frequently changed with the time such as Desinganadu, Quilon, Mahlai, Kollam, and Caulao. From the days of Romans and the Phoenicians, this seaport city has had a great commercial reputation. According to Ibn Battuta, Quilon was one of the 5 main seaports dealing in trade with China.

The Malayalam Era named after Kollam began in 824 AD. It was called “Kolla Varsham” due to the significance of Kollam in 9th century AD. It signified the independence of Malabar from Cheraman Perumals. Merchant Soleyman of Persia visited Quilon in the middle of 9th century. He found the city to be the only harbor touched by huge ships from China on their way from the Persian Gulf to Canton.

According to the Tang Dynasty’s record, Kollam was their main port of trade and was known as “Mahlai”. Marco Polo, who visited the court of Kublai Khan in China, travelled through Kollam on his return journey to Venice and gave an interesting explanation of the thriving port of Kollam and its trade with China. Chinnakada or China-Kada was the city center and named after the merchants from China. The increase in trade resulted in the establishment of prosperous Chinese settlement at Quilon.

Portuguese were the first Europeans who established their trading center at Thangasseri in Kollam in 1502. Then came the Dutch followed by the British in 1795. British stationed their garrisons in Kollam in pursuance of an agreement between the British and Travancore.

During the rule of Velu Thampi Dalawa, the town experienced many changes. Several new bazaars were built that invited the traders from Thirunelveli and Madras to settle here. Later on, Kollam became the capital city of the liberal and enlightened rulers of Desinganadu.

Kollam’s later history is interwoven with the English, Dutch and Portuguese rivalry for the control of trade routes of Indian Ocean and the adjacent commodities. 

Geographical Location of Kollam

The geographical coordinates for Kollam are 9.28'45° N Latitude and 76.28'0° E Longitude. The district covers an area of 2,492 km². It ranks 7th in the state of Kerala with respect to area. The two main rivers that flow through the district of Kollam are Ithikkara and Kallada. The district, physiographically, comprises of 3 natural divisions namely the lowland (bordering the sea coast), the midland (consist of low hills and valleys) and the highland (mainly forests). The total elevation of Kollam is 19.2 meter (63 ft). 

Climate of the City

Kollam has a tropical humid climate with seasonal rainfall, cool winter, and oppressive summer. The location of Arabian Sea to the west influences the climate of Kollam. The average temperature of the district is 28.5oC. Summers begin in March and remain until May. Kollam receives an average rainfall of 2555 mm annually. On average, June is the wettest month whereas February is the driest month. The best time to visit Kollam is from  November to March.

Demographics, People, and Culture of Kollam

Kollam has the total population of 2,635,375 with 1,246,968 males and 1,388,407 females. 9.65% of the total population is between 0-6 years of age.

Kollam has a sex ratio of 1113 females per 1000 males. Literacy rate of the district is 93.77%. The male literacy rate is 96.09% and the female literacy rate is 92.31%. 

2 important aspects of the culture of Kollam are dance and music, due to which musical and dance events are organized throughout the year. Kathakali and Kaiottikali, ancient dance forms are very popular here. Other dance forms popular in the region are, Ottamthullal and Koothu. Folk music performances such as Vadakkan Pattukal, Kalyana Pattukal, Thekkan Pattukal and Mappila Pattukal are commonly practiced in Kollam. Sopanasangeetham, a classical form of singing is very popular in the city. Kollam was once a prominent center for culture and learning. It attracted notable scholars from several parts of South India. Unnuneeli Sandesam and Leelathilakam are the 2 literary works of historical importance.

Economic Status of Kollam

The economy of Kollam is mainly dependent on agriculture. About 70% of the workforce is engaged in agriculture. Paddy, coconut, pepper, tapioca, and rubber are some of the major crops grown here. Coconut gardens extend to about 75,500 hectares. About 343 million coconuts are produced every year.  There is a Palm Oil Plantation at Bharatheepuram, in an area of about 4000 hectares. It is a state government undertaking. The Rehabilitation Plantations is another State Government undertaking located at Kulathupuzha in Thenmala.

Kollam is quite important for business and trade in Kerala. It is the center for cashew trading and processing industry in India. Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation (KSCDC) is the largest producer of cashew nuts in the world. KSCDC has 34 factories in the region and provides employment to over 26,000 people. The district is an important hub for the marine product industry as well. Fishing has a prominent place in the economy. Sakthikulangara and Neendakara villages thrive in fishing.

Many commercial institutions in Kollam include:

  1. Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation
  2. Fish Farmer’s Development Agency (FFDA)
  3. Brackish Water Fish Farmers Development Agency (BFFDA)
  4. Kollam Development Authority
  5. Canara Bank

Transport System

Transportation in the district includes an elaborate network of paved and well-maintained roads, railway tracks including meter gauge, broad gauge and navigable waterways. Public transport systems in Kollam comprises of yellow top taxi, auto cars, and private cars.

A well-organized transport system in the district makes it easy for tourists to travel here with ease.


Kollam is well connected to other cities in the state via national highways. These are-

  1. NH 47- Connects Kollam to Thiruvananthapuram, Nagerkovil, Ernakulam, and Alappuzha.
  2. NH 208- Connects Kollam to Thirumangalam
  3. NH 220- Connects Kollam to Theni in Tamil Nadu

The State Highway viz., Main Central Road and Main Eastern Highway namelyPunalur-Pathanamthitta-Muvattupuzha connects Kollam to other districts. Transport is provided by KSRTC (Kerala State Road Transport Corporation) and private transport bus operators.


Kollam Junction is the main railway station is considered to be one of the biggest and busiest railway stations in Kerala after Palakkad and Shoranur. The district is covered by 132 kilometers of railway tracks. 81 km of the track is meter gauge and 51 km is the broad gauge. Kollam is the terminal junction for Kollam - Chenkotta meter gauge line.


Thiruvananthapuram is the nearest international airport located approximately 71 km from Kollam city.


Water transport in the city is a viable means of commuting. State Water Transport Department (SWTD) operates the boat services to Alappuzha, West Kallada, and Munroe Island. Alappuzha boat service attracts a lot of tourist.

Kollam and Sports

Kollam is represented by cricket, hockey and football teams in the district, state and zonal level tournaments. Several sports stadiums are there in the city that host events like Santosh Trophy, Ranji Trophy, and National Games.

Some sports stadiums and clubs are mentioned below:

  1. Kollam International Hockey Stadium
  2. Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium
  3. KCA Cricket Stadiums
  4. Sports Authority of India Training Centre, L B Stadium
  5. Asramam Maidanam
  6. Peeranki Maidanam
  7. Kadappakada Sports Club

Prominent Marketplaces in Kollam

Kollam is a delightful place for shopping. Apart from scenic beauty, the city is renowned for its vibrant markets and plush malls. It has wonderful streets lined-up with the glitter of local production. Weekends are the best time to visit markets and local streets for shopping. People do beach shopping around Kollam. The famous markets in the city are-

  1. Kottakuzhiyil Margin Free
  2. Sky Jewelry
  3. Fashion Textiles
  4. H&J Complex
  5. Mukadda Bazaar

Popular Shopping Malls in the City-

  1. Brothers Mall
  2. Holy Star Shopping Mall
  3. R P Mall
  4. I Mall

Places of Tourist Interest in Kollam

Kollam is heaven for the tourists as the place is adorned with natural beauty and heritage. It has several beaches, backwaters, brackish lagoons and serene lakes, temples, architectures etc. Kollam is among the most famous Ayurveda centers in the southern regions of the India.

Some of the places of tourist interest are mentioned here:

  1. Punalur
  2. Pathanpuram
  3. Karunagapally
  4. Oachira
  5. Mayyanad
  6. Alumkadavu
  7. Aryankavu
  8. Ashtamudi Lake
  9. Amritapuri
  10. Neendakara Port
  11. Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Palaruvi Waterfalls
  13. Sasthamcotla Lake
  14. Pullichira Church
  15. Thevalli Palace
  16. Maha Vishnu Temple
  17. Kottukkal Cave Temple
  18. Achencoil
  19. Thengasserry
  20. Police Museum
  21. Alumkadavu
  22. Rameshwara Temple

Beaches in Kollam

  1. Kollam Beach
  2. Mahatma Gandhi Beach
  3. Thirumullavaram Beach
  4. Azheekal Beach
  5. Thangasseri Beach

Healthcare and Medical Facilities in Kollam

The city is occupied with several super specialty and multispecialty hospitals and medical centers that offer quality treatment facilities.

  1. Aswini Hospital & Maternity Centre
  2. Bishop Benziger Hospital
  3. Dr. Nairs Hospital
  4. Kerala ENT Research Foundation
  5. Matha Medical Centre
  6. Modern Urology Centre
  7. N.S.Memorial Institute of Medical Sciences
  8. Pearl Hospital
  9. Shankar's Eye Hospital
  10. Sree Shanmukhavilasom Hospital
  11. Travancore Hospital
  12. Upasana Hospital
  13. Thayabji Hospital
  14. Assisi Atonement Hospital
  15. Vijaya Hospital Kottarakara
  16. Alphonsa Hospital
  17. Padmavathy Medical Foundation
  18. Amardeep Eye Hospital and Laser Surgery Centre

Ayurvedic Hospitals and Medical Centers

  1. Amruthanjali Ayurveda Hospital
  2. Kayalvarath Ayurveda Hospital
  3. Doctor Panickers Ayurveda Hospital
  4. Amritanjali Ayurvedic Hospital
  5. Sarovaram Ayurvedic Health Center
  6. Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala
  7. Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University
  8. Kalari Rasayana Ayurveda Hospital
  9. Sivapriya Ayurvedic Hospital
  10. Marmasramam Ayurveda Siddha Marma Centre

Education Facilities in Kollam

The educational institutes in Kollam are capable of providing quality education to students and prepare them to compete at any level.

List of Notable Schools

  1. Kendriya Vidyalaya
  2. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
  3. T.K.M. Centenary Public School
  4. Sree Narayana Public School
  5. Sree Narayana Trust Central School
  6. Sree Buddha Central School, Kurunagapally
  7. K.N.S.M Sree Narayana Central school
  8. National Public school, Thazhuthala
  9. Lake Ford School
  10. St. Mary's Residential Central School
  11. B R Memorial Central School
  12. A P R M Central School
  13. Sreeniketan Central School
  14. Siddhartha Central School Pallimon
  15. River De International School
  16. St. John's School
  17. Sree Narayana Central School
  18. St. George Central School
  19. Nehru Memorial Model School
  20. Vimala Central School
  21. Toc H Residential Public School
  22. City Central School, Uliyakovil
  23. T K M Centenary Public School
  24. Sabarigiri School Punalur
  25. Mar Baselios School Maruthamonpally
  26. The Oxford School Village, Thazhuthala
  27. Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Chanthanathope
  28. Amrita Vidyalayam, Puthiyakavu, Karunagappally
  29. Navdeep Public School, Vettilathazham
  30. Sree Narayana Central School, Karunagappally
  31. St. Gregorious Central School, Karunagappally
  32. Divine Public School, Puthoor
  33. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
  34. Aishwarya Public School
  35. St.Jude. Central School
  36. Fathima Public School
  37. Trinity Lyceum School
  38. Mount Carmel Convent Anglo-Indian Girls High School
  39. Infant Jesus Anglo Indian High School
  40. Seventh Day Adventist Higher Secondary Residential School
  41. St. John's Residential School
  42. St. Mary's Residential Central School
  43. Amrita Vidyalayam
  44. Mount Carmel Convent Anglo-Indian Girls High School
  45. Auxilium English Medium School
  46. PreshithaMatha School
  47. Vimala Hridaya ISC School
  48. Maria Agnes English Medium Convent School
  49. St. Joseph's Convent School
  50. St. Vincent's Convent School
  51. St. Charles Borromeo Convent School
  52. St. Joseph International Academy
  53. Mary Giri Vidya Mandir, Punalur

List of Colleges in Kollam

  1. Govt. College
  2. Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit
  3. Devaswom Board College
  4. Fathima Matha National College
  5. Mannam Memorial N.S.S. College
  6. N.S.S. College
  7. S.N. College for Women
  8. Sree Narayana College
  9. St. Gregorios College
  10. St. John's College
  11. St. Stephen's College
  12. Thangal Kunju Musaliar College of Arts and science
  13. Amrita Ayurveda Medical College
  14. Shree Narayana Institute of Ayurvedic Studies and Research
  15. Azeezia College of Dental Sciences & Research
  16. Younus College of Engineering for Women
  17. College of Engineering
  18. T.K.M. College of Engineering
  19. Baselios Mathews II College of Engineering
  20. Hindustan College of Engineering
  21. M.E.S. Institute of Technology & Management
  22. Shaul Hameed Memorial Engineering
  23. T.K.M. Institute of Technology
  24. Thangal Kanju Musaliar Institute of Technology
  25. Travancore Engineering College
  26. U.K.F. College of Engineering & Technology
  27. Younus College of Engineering and Technology
  28. Azeezia Institute of Medical Sciences
  29. Bishop Benziger College of Nursing
  30. Holy Cross College of Nursing
  31. St. Joseph’s College of Nursing
  32. V.N.S.S. College of Nursing

Employment Opportunities in Kollam

Kollam offers plenty of job opportunities in public and private sectors.

Public Sector Units in Kollam

  1. Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd.
  2. Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Ltd.
  3. Kerala State Rural Women's Electronics Industrial Co-operative Federation Ltd-RUTRONIX
  4. Kerala Ceramics Ltd.
  5. Rehabilitation Plantation Limited
  6. Indian Rare Earths
  7. Parvathi Mills Ltd.
  8. Kerala Ceramics Ltd.
  9. Travancore Plywood Industries
  10. Kerala Electrical and Allied Engineering Company
  11. Kerala Premo Pipe factory
  12. Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited
  13. United Electrical Industries
  14. Kerala Agro-Fruit Products

Private Sector Units in Kollam

  1. United Electrical Industries LTD. (UNLIEC)
  2. Avla Nettos Exports
  3. M/S Mookambika Exports
  4. Poyilakada Fisheries Ltd, Sreenikethan, Thevally.
  6. Vijayalekshmi Cashew Company
  7. Cashew Corporation
  8. Aquaserin Resort

Kollam being one of the biggest cities and finest tourist destinations in Kerala can transform your life within no time. The city offers plenty of opportunities for jobs and recreation. If you are planning to move to Kollam and need packers and movers servicefor you relocation purpose, go with PMDIR. It is a dedicated online directory enlisted with numerous packers and movers in Kollam.

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