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All you need to know about Mumbai
Mumbai is the state capital of Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial capital of India. The city’s name was changed from Bombay to Mumbai in 1995. Mumbai is the most populous city in India and is the ninth most populated city in the world. Mumbai with Mumbai Metropolitan region is a leading urban center in the world. Mumbai has the most number of millionaires and billionaires in India. In 2009 Mumbai was named as the Alpha world city.
Navi mumbai is a planned township project of Mumbai situated on the west coast in Maharashtra.The city is divided into 2 major sections, first being North Navi Mumbai and the other being South Navi Mumbai. This division is done for the development of Panvel Mega City, which comprises of area from Kharghar to Uran. This specific area was chosen because of its strategic proximity to Panvel. Navi mumbai is the leading residential hub of Mumbai. Here are some of the leading places to live in Navi Mumbai:
Mumbai is a collection of seven islands which are Bombay Island, Parel, Mazagaon, Mahim, Colaba, Worli, and Old Woman's island. Archeological evidence found in Kandivali region of Mumbai suggests that the city has been inhabited since Stone Age. In the third century, the islands of Mumbai were part of the Mauryan Empire under Ashoka the Great. Mumbai between 3rd and 9th century was ruled by many empires which were Satavahanas, Kshatrapas, Abhiras, Vakatakas, Kalachuris, Mauryas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, and Silhara. It was king Bhimdev who consolidated the seven islands and ruled the city in the 13th century before being taken over by the Delhi Sultanate in 1407. It was in the year 1534 when the growing threat from the expanding Mughal Empire, that made the sultan of Gujarat sign the treaty of Bassein with the Portuguese Empire. The territories extended by the sultan to the Portuguese were surrendered by the Portuguese rulers to the Mughal emperor in 1535.
Meanwhile, Portuguese were granted permission to trade and establish churches in the region. On May 1661, English made the move by marrying Portuguese princess Catherine to the Charles II of England thus bringing the English empire in control of the region. According to the royal charter of March 1688, the East India Company leased these islands from English empire to conduct trade in the region.
Getting alarmed by the sudden rise of the population of the English in the region Yakut Khan, a general of the Mughal Empire attacked the islands in 1672. By 1687 East India Company shifted its headquarters from Surat to Bombay and formed the Bombay presidency. Seven islands of Bombay till 1737 were controlled by Marathas under Peshwa Baji Rao who expelled Portuguese from the region and eventually from India. A series of wars were fought between Maratha and British from 1774 to 1782 to control the city.
Heavy engineering projects were started in Bombay after 1782 which were dedicated at amalgamating the seven islands into a single city. After the defeat of Baji Rao, English gained control of entire Deccan and Gujarat region including Mumbai.
The importance of the Bombay increased due to the opening of the Suez Canal, making it a major trade port along the Arabian Sea. Mumbai was the center of Indian independence movement including the Royal Indian Navy Mutiny and Quit India Movement.
Geographical location of Mumbai
Mumbai is situated on the west coast of India on the Konkan coastal regionand on the banks of the Ulhas River and is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west. Mumbai is divided into 2 regions namely Mumbai city district and Mumbai suburban district. The total area covered by Mumbai city is 603.4 km2. The soil of Mumbai is sandy in the coastal region and alluvial in the suburban regions.
Climate of the city
Mumbai has a tropical wet and dry climate under Koppen climate classification. Mumbai remains dry for seven months which heavy rainfall in the month of July. From December to February the city remains cooler.
Demographics, people, and culture of Mumbai
According to 2011 census, Mumbai metropolitan region is home to 20,748,395 people. Literacy rate in Mumbai is incredibly high and amounts to 94.7% and is above the national literacy percentage by 8 percent.
Most of the population in Mumbai adheres to Hinduism, which amounts to 65% of the total population. Other communities in Mumbai are those of Muslims, Buddhists, Parsis, Jains, Jews, and Sikhs.
Festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi, Gudi Parva, Diwali, Holi, and Eid are celebrated with great zeal and joy in Mumbai city
Mumbai, The birthplace of Bollywood
Bollywood is referred to the Hindi language film industry in Mumbai, India. It was formally known as Hindi cinema.The word "Bollywood" is generally used by non-Indians as a single name to refer to the Indian cinema. Bollywood is only a small part of a bigger film industry in india that alo includes production centres and other establishments that produce films in other Indian languages.
Bollywood is the leading film producers in InNAVIdia, amassing 43% of the total box office collection. Bollywood is one of the biggest film industries around the world in terms of the number of people employed and total films produced.
Economic status of Mumbai
Mumbai is the commercial capital of India and contributes 6.16 percent to the total GDP of India. In terms of industrial output, Mumbai contributes 25 percent to the total output of the country. Along with this Mumbai is responsible for 70 percent maritime trade in India. Many important scientific and commercial institutions in Mumbai include:
Mumbai due to its enormous importance as the commercial and cultural hub of India is well connected with various means of transport system, so as to facilitate smooth flow of goods and individuals from one place to the other.
Public transport systems in Mumbai comprises of Mumbai Suburban Railway, Mumbai Monorail System, buses, meter taxis colored in Yellow and Black, ferries and auto rickshaws. Auto rickshaws can operate in the suburban areas on the other hand taxis can operate throughout Mumbai..
Hovercraft and ferries service are available between the Gateway of India and CBD Belapur.
Mumbai and sports
Mumbai is represented by Mumbai Indians in the IPL. Along with cricket, other sports like hockey, football, rugby, and tennis are also quite famous in Mumbai. Some of the famous grounds and stadium in Mumbai are
Prominent Marketplaces in Mumbai
Mumbai has various lively markets all across the city. Marketplaces In Mumbai are filled with goods that are consumed in every part of India and abroad as Mumbai has rich diversity and people hailing from different parts of the world. Here is the list of important marketplace in Mumbai
Popular malls in the city
Mumbai being the leading urban center of India is home to elite and super rich, which require quality stuff and want to shop in style. To fulfill these demands Mumbai has plush malls that are both affordable and stylish
Places of tourist interest in Mumbai
Mumbai is heaven for tourists as the city has marvelous heritage and architecture on display that includes buildings from British era, beautiful mosques and temples from the medieval period etc. Some of the famous tourist destinations in Mumbai are mentioned below.
Healthcare facilities in Mumbai
Mumbai and education
Mumbai has educational institutions which are capable of preparing student in such a manner so that they can compete at any level with the students in other countries. Some of the significant centers of learning in Mumbai are given below;
List of top schools in Mumbai
List of top colleges in Mumbai
Employment opportunities in Mumbai city
Mumbai is the financial capital of India and is home to some of the biggest private and government companies in the country. This enormous presence of companies and manufacturing units creates a huge demand for skilled labor and in turn help to reduce unemployment. Some of the prominent government and private companies are mentioned below.
List of top 20 public sector units in Mumbai
List of top 20 private sector units in Mumbai