Patna the city
Patna is the largest city of Indian state of Bihar and also serves as the capital of the state. Patna is the second largest city in East India only after Kolkata. With a population of over 2 million, Patna is the 18th largest agglomeration in India. According to a survey conducted by the World Bank, Patna is the second easiest city to start a business in India. Patna high court is the highest judicial establishment in Bihar.
History of the city
Patna as a city gained importance in 490 BCE under king Ajatashatru of Magadha. Many foreign accounts including that of Megasthenes of Greece have described Patliputra (ancient name of Patna) as a prospering city under Chandragupta Maurya, the ruler of the Mauryan Empire. After Mauryan dynasty, it was Gupta and Pala dynasties that ruled over the region. After the disintegration of the Gupta Empire, it was Bakhtiar Khilji who conquered Bihar in the early 12th century. Khilji’s lost many wars to the rulers of Sur Empire and eventually Sher Shah Suri came to power and built the city and numerous architectural masterpieces in Afghan style.
Akbar conquered the region in 1574 defeating the last Afghan Ruler Daud Khan and consolidated the Mughal Empire. In Ain-E- Akbari Abul Fazl describes Patna city as flourishing trade center for glass, stone and paper industries. Guru Gobind Singh, the last guru of Sikhs was born in Patna to Guru Teg Bahadur Ji and Mata Gujri on 22 December 1666. Patna Sahib, a Gurudwara at the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh is one of the prominent religious sites for Sikhs from all over the world. Later as the Mughal Empire collapsed after the death of Aurangzeb, the city’s administration came under the Nawab of Bengal.
British became the new rulers of Patna and the whole Bengal region after defeating combined forces of Mughals and Nawab in the battle of Buxar in 1764. In 1912, British partitioned the Bengal presidency and made Patna, the capital of the British province of Orissa and Bihar.
Indian independence movement got an overwhelming support from Patna as people from the city became the front runners of the independence movement in India. Some of the notable freedom fighters from Patna are Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, Jayaprakash Narayan, Sri Krishna Sinha, Basawon Singh, and Dr. Rajendra Prasad. After India’s independence, Bihar was further partitioned in 2000 when Jharkhand became a separate state.
Patna falls under Koppen climate classification and has a humid subtropical climate in particular. Summers mostly dominate the region between months of March till June. After summers it is rainfall in the monsoon season starting from June until September that gives some relief to the people from the soaring heat. Patna experiences winter from the month of November till February.
Patna is situated on the eastern part of India on the southern bank of river Ganga. Patna occupies a total area of 136 km2. Patna is vulnerable to earthquakes and fall under India’s Seismic Zone IV.
People, Culture, and Demographics
Magadhi is the native language of Patna. The language gained importance and recognition under the Mauryan Empire and especially under the reign of Ashoka. Patna’s historical architecture displays Indo-Islamic patterns. Patna is home to some of the best theaters in India which include Kalidas Rangalaya, Rabindra Parishad, Premchand Rangshala, and Bhartiya Nritya Kala Mandir. Miniature painting is also quite famous in the city as its trace its origins from the 16th and 17th century.
Bihari cuisine is mouthwatering and consists of delicacies which can make you crave for more. A regular Bihari meal comprises of Bhaat, Daal, Tarkari, and Roti. Some popular dishes include Sattu Paratha, Chokha, Bihari Kebab, Fish Curry, Malpua, Dal Pitha, and Kheer Makhana. Samosa, Chaat, Litti Chokha are some of the popular snacks from Bihar.
According to the census of 2011, the population of Patna is reported to be 1.68 million, making it the 19th most populated city in India. 86 percent of the population of Patna adheres to Hindu faith, making Hinduism a major religion of the city. Other popular religions that flourish in Patna are Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
Festivals bring colors to life
Chhath Puja which is also known as Dala Chhath is the main festival of Patna and is celebrated with huge enthusiasm in the city. Chhath Puja is celebrated twice a year, in summers it is celebrated as Chaiti Chhath, and in winters just after a Diwali as Kartik Chhath. Both men and women celebrate Chhath Puja and worship sun god along with fasting for 6 days and other rituals. Chhath Ghat in Patna is a famous worship point for the devotees carrying out puja in the city.
Other festivals celebrated with great joy in Patna are Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja, Eid, Holi, Patna Sahib Mahotsav, Christmas, Makar Sankranti, Rath Yatra, and Raksha Bandhan.
For the last 7 fiscal years, GDP of Patna is on an increasing trend and has taken the shape of a sustained economy. The products that have steamrolled the growth of Patna’s economy are sugar, Patna rice, electrical goods, cotton yarn, milk, vegetables, sesame, sugarcane, and fast moving consumer goods.
Cricket is the main sport played in Bihar. Bihar cricket association is the regulator of the cricket in the state. In the year 2013, chief minister of Bihar, Nitish Kumar announced that an international stadium will be constructed in the city of Rajgir. Patna has the oldest golf club in India named Patna Golf Club, established in 1916. Patliputra sports complex in Patna city hosts tournament and matches of popular sports like kabaddi, squash, table tennis, etc. Some of the other popular sports complexes in Patna are Mithilesh Stadium and Eastern Central Railway Zone Indore Stadium.
Public transportation in Patna is primarily auto rickshaws, buses, and local MEMU trains. Auto rickshaws are considered to be the main transportation mode of the city. BSRTC City bus service is provided for on all prominent routes of Patna making transportation within the city extremely easy.
Patna being the capital of Bihar is equipped with all the services that a modern city has, including latest medical facility centers and hospitals. Some of the best hospitals in Patna are:
Malls and Marketplaces
Patna has always been the biggest market of the east from ancient times. Patna had markets of cloth, paper, agricultural products, stone, glass, and lots more. Today Patna has some of the best markets and high-end malls that cater the needs of both middle and upper-class people. Top malls and marketplaces of Patna are given below:
Must visit places for Tourists
Patna has a number of tourist attractions which attracts tourist from all over India and abroad. Out of the total number of tourists visiting Bihar, Patna alone attracts 40 percent of them. The culture heritage of Patna is rich and includes monuments and art from ancient to modern times. Here is the list of tourist places in Patna:
Patna and Education
Patna is the seat of education in eastern India and has some of the finest colleges and schools in India. Patna’s recent economic growth is also accredited to the quality education imparted by its educational institutions which give way for a skilled workforce. Some of the best schools and colleges in Patna are mentioned below:
List of top 10 schools in Patna
List of top 19 colleges in Patna
Patna as Employment hub of East India
Patna is the most developed city in the state of Bihar and according to a survey conducted by World Bank, it is the second most favorable destination for starting business in India. All these achievements by the city have made it a ground zero for companies to carry out their operations thus making Patna an employment hub.
List of top 10 Private Sector Units in Patna
List of top 3 Public Sector Units in Patna
Major residential hubs in Patna
Patna's real estate is booming as more and more people want to settle down in a city that provides a higher standard of living at an affordable cost. Many builders are on the spree in completing residential projects in major areas of Patna at pocket-friendly rates. Reputed builders like Sarvodaya Group, Lakhan Homes, and Ashiana group are ready with many residential flats in prime locations given below: