Bhagalpur is a historically magnificent city on the banks of the southern part of the river Ganga in the state of Bihar. Bhagalpur comes third in Bihar in terms of area. It is administrative headquarters of Bhagalpur district. The city is one of the fastest developing regions of Bihar.
According to the Mahabharata, Bhagalpur was the capital of Anga. During an ancient period, the city was known as Bhagadattpuram. It finds mention with the same name in Mahabharata, Panchatantra, and Ramayana. Bhagalpur was a part of Magadha during the 6th century BC.
Bhagalpur covers the total area of 2,570 km2. It is situated in the Ganga basin plane. Bhagalpur coordinates at 25.3478° north latitude and 86.9824° east longitude. Ganga River flows across the district.
The climate of Bhagalpur is temperate and warm. The average annual temperature of the region is 25.8o C. The average annual rainfall is 1111 mm. July is the wettest month whereas December is the driest month.
The silk industry has been prominent in Bhagalpur over the last hundreds of years. Tussar Silk and Bhagalpuri Sarees of Bhagalpur are famous all over the country for their uniqueness and quality. More than 200 small-scale enterprises of silk industry are established in the city.
Renowned industries in Bhagalpur are National Thermal Power Corporation, Star Cement, Nalanda Paper Mill, and Coca-Cola. Other major business sectors in Bhagalpur are textile and handloom, food processing, mining, tourism leather, minerals, IT and communications.
Famous tourist attractions in the city are Vikramshila Ruins, Mandar Parvat, Vaasupujya Bhagwan Mahavir Jain Temple, Ghuran Peer Baba, Burhanath Temple, Ajgaibinath Mandir, Colganj Rock Cut Temples and Rabindra Bhawan.
Major localities in the city are Sahibganj, Naugachia, Tatarpur, Zero Mile, Tulsinagar Colony, Kahalgaon, Barahpur, Bishanpur, Jamuni and Badi Khanjarpur.
Bhagalpur railway station connects the city with Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Patna, Ajmer, and Kanpur. National highways and and local roads are well spread and linked throughout the district. The city is well-linked to Munger, Ranchi, Patna, Gaya, Kolkata and Jamshedpur via extroverted roadways system.
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