Bhubaneswar is one of the famour cities of Odisha. It is the capital city of the state. It is among the oldest cities in the country. Bhubaneswar got its name from Tribhubaneswar which means Lord Shiva. It is the center of religious and economic importance in eastern India.
With a history dating 2000 years, Bhubaneswar has witnessed many historical events, dynasties, and empires. Thus, the city has been known by different names such as Kalinga Nagari, Toshali, Ekamra Kanan, Nagar Kalinga, and Ekamra Kshetra. It has witnessed the Kalinga War in 261 BC. The modern city was designed by a German architect, Otto Konigsberger, in 1946.
The geographic coordinates of Bhubaneswar are 20.2961° north latitude and 85.8245° east longitude. It has an average altitude of 45 meters. It lies southwest of the Mahanadi River. The city is bound by Kuakhai River to the east and Daya River to the south.
Bhubaneswar is blessed with tropical savanna type climate. The annual mean temperature of the region is 27.4o C. Summers are hot and muggy whereas the winters are mild and pleasant. Annual average precipitation is 1542 mm. August is the wettest month with 330 mm of rainfall.
Bhubaneswar is mainly a tourism city and tourism play a pivotal role in the economy. It has emerged as one among the fastest growing commercial hub. Many major MNCs are located here offering the youth with many employment opportunities.
The major tourist attractions in and around the city are Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, Nandankanan Zoological Park, Dhauli, Lingraj Temple, Rajarani Temple, Odisha State Museum, Ekamra Kanan Botanical Gardens, Indira Gandhi Park, Mukteshwara Temple, Pathani Samantha Planetarium, Parashurameshwara Temple, Baitala Deula and Regional Science Park.
Some local areas in the city are Pandav Nagar, Old Town, VSS Nagar, Uttar Chhak, Shayampur, Rasulgarh, Shree Vihar, Argul, Benupur, Kapilprasad, Kesora, and Patia.
As the capital of the state, Bhubaneswar is a connecting route to all other cities in Odisha. The city connects to Jharkhand, West Bengal, and other neighboring states. It is well connected with NH-5. The city is well-connected with railways and airports. There are 5 railway stations located in this city. These are Mancheswar, Patia Halt, Lingaraj Temple road, Bhubaneswar station and Vani Vihar. The Biju Patnaik international Airport is located 3 kilometers away from the city.
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