Located towards the west of Jaipur, Jodhpur is the 2nd biggest city in Rajasthan. Being a city of magnificent forts, age-old temples and princely palaces, Jodhpur is a favourite tourist destinations in the state. It is also known as the Blue City because, in the old city, almost every house is painted Blue.
Jodhpur was founded in 1459 by the Rajput chief Rao Jodha. Earlier, it was the capital of Marwar. The old city is surrounded by 10 km long wall that has 101 bastions and 7 gates. This area was conquered by Rathore Rajput clan in 1211.
Jodhpur is located on the edge of the ‘Thar Desert’. The average altitude of the city is 216 meters above sea level. The geographic coordinates are 26.23° north latitude and 73.02° east longitude. Major adjoining cities are Bikaner, Nagaur, and Jaisalmer.
The economy of Jodhpur depends on handicrafts, industries, and agriculture. Around 60% of the total land in the city is under cultivation. Major industries here are electrical, electronics, chemicals, plastics, derivatives of Gaur Gum, industrial gases, cement, mineral based, S.S utensils, textiles etc. Tourism also plays a significant role in boosting Jodhpur’s economy.
Jodhpur is very scenic and adorned with beautiful architectures. Some of the places of tourist attractions in and around the city are Mehrangarh Fort, Jaswant Thada, Umaid Bhawan Palace Museum, Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park, Clock Tower, Toorji Ka Jhalara, Sachiya Mata Temple, Mandore Gardens, Balsamand Lake And Garden, Phool Mahal, Bullet Baba Temple, Government Museum, Kalyana Lake, Sojati Gate, Achalnath Temple, Ranisar Lake, Madore Fort, Jalori Gate and Science Park.
Major localities in the city are Mandore, Pratap Nagar, Adarsh Nagar, Piparcity, Parsvanath City, Sangriya, Boranada, Rawaton Ka Bass, Nandri, Paota, Bilara, Kabir Nagar, Shyam Nagar, Cantonment Area etc.
Jodhpur is connected with neighboring cities and other major destinations in India by air, road and rail. Jodhpur Airport is 3.2 km from the city center. The city has a railway station that connects it to every major city in India. Jodhpur also has a state transport bus station.
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