Kolhapur is a beautiful city situated in the southwest corner of Maharashtra. It is one of the most easily approachable cities in the state. The city is also known as “Dakshin Kashi”. The city is also famous for the training of wrestlers. The main languages spoken here are Marathi, Hindi, and English. Kolhapur is also famous for leather footwear, popularly known as ‘Kolhapuri Chappal’.
Kolhapur was ruled by Yadavas, Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas and Silaharas in the medieval times. During the British rule, Kolhapur was ruled by Maharaja Chhatrapati Shahaji II. He was the local ruler of a princely state under the political control of the state of Bombay. In the early years of the 19th century, Britishers invaded the region and appointed their own political officers to manage the state.
Kolhapur is situated on the banks of river Panchganga. The geographic coordinates of Kolhapur are 16.7050° north latitude and 74.2433° east longitude. The average elevation is 546 meters. It lies in the Sahyadri Mountains in the Western Ghats.
The climate of Kolhapur is classified as tropical. The average annual temperature is 25.2o C. The average annual precipitation is 1035 mm. July is the wettest month whereas January is the driest month.
The economy of Kolhapur is industry based. Major industries in the district are sugar industries, spinning mills, textile mills, poultry, engineering goods, silver ornaments, kolhapuri chappals, chemicals, foundry etc. which generate employment for thousands of people in and around Kolhapur.
Tourist attractions in the city are Mahalaxmi Temple, Sidhhagiri Temple, Panhala Fort, Rankala Lake, Chhatrapati Shahuji Museum, Jyotiba Temple, Narsinhawadi Data Temple, Maharaja’s Palace, Kopeshwar Temple, Bhawani Mandap, Rautwadi Waterfall, Dajipur Wildlife Sanctuary, Gagangiri Maharaj Math Temple and Radhanagari Temple.
Major localities of Kolhapur are Sadale, Sangawade, Puikhadi, RK Nagar, Shahupuri, Tarabai Park, Shiroli, Peth Vadgaon, Gaganbawda, Laxmipuri, Amba, Pachgaon and Padmala.
Kolhapur is well connected to other major cities in and outside the state. Kolhapur junction is the nearest railway station and it is 4.5 km away from Kolhapur city center. There are regular trains from Kolhapur to Mumbai, Pune, and Nagpur. Kolhapur bus stand is the state transport bus station. It operates buses to nearby cities.
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