All about Nellore
Nellore city comes under Nellore district and is situated on the banks of the Penna River in Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Nellore is known for mica deposits and gold jewellry. Nellore is the fifth most populous district in Andhra Pradesh. The economy of Nellore primarily revolves around agriculture and aquaculture. Shrimp culturing, paddy cultivation and tobacco productions are the main output from the city.
In the 3rd century, BC Nellore was part of the Mauryan Empire and was ruled by Ashoka The Great. After Mauryan Empire, it was the Pallava Dynasty that ruled over the city till 6th century AD. Telugu Cholas also ruled the city for many centuries, but their rule came to end after 13th century. From 13th century till 18th century Nellore was ruled by several kingdoms including Kakatiya, Vijayanagar Empire, Sultanate of Golconda, Mughal Empire and Arcot Nawabdom. In the midst of 18th century, British won over the region including Nellore city and was placed under Madras Presidency. Potti Sriramulu, an activist, from Nellore fasted until death for the formation of the separate state of Andhra Pradesh after independence of India in 1947.
Geographical Location and Climate
Nellore is located on the south- eastern coast of India, 59 feet above sea level. Nellore has a tropical maritime climate. Summers in Nellore are hot and humid. The city experiences mild winters in the months of December and January. Nellore's proximity to the Bay of Bengal attracts good monsoons for the city. Cyclones and floods are common in the region.
People, Culture and Demographics
Pertaining to 2011 census, population of Nellore including 15 Gram Panchayats was calculated at 600,869. Nellore boasts literacy rate of 83.69 percent which is higher than that of the state. 79 percent of the population in Nellore follows Hinduism, whereas 19 percent of the population practice Islam, rest 2 percent includes Christians, Sikhs, and Buddhists.
The culture of Nellore is similar to that of Andhra Pradesh. Annamayya, Kuchipudi and Tyagaraja traditions of Andhra Pradesh are equally part of Nellore’s culture. Telugu and English are widely spoken and understood in the region.
Festivals like Sankranti, Maha Shivaratri, Ugadi, Ramanavami, Vinayaka Chavithi, Dasara and Deepavali are celebrated with great pomp and show in Nellore.
Both men and women of Nellore perform the Kuchipudi dance passionately. There are many training institutes for new learners of the art. Some of the other major dance forms popular in Nellore are Butta Bommalu, Dappu and Tappeta Gullu.
Harikatha, a Hindu cultural event is widely celebrated in Nellore. Sankranti, another festival, Haridasas sing religious songs, displaying attributes of various characters in Hindu epics. Rotiyan ki Eid is an annual urs (event) celebrated on the banks of Swarnala Cheruvu at the Bara Shaheed Dargah.
The cuisine of Nellore comprises of mouth-watering dishes that can make you crave for more. Dishes in Nellore are usually prepared with a combination of spices, meat, seafood, and rice. Some of the popular dishes from Nellore are garelu, idli, sambhar, upma, dibba attu, mutton koora, kodi (chicken) koora, fish curry, shrimp curry, and prawns curry,boondi mithai, chakodi, and obbattu.
Prominent Residential Hubs
Nellore being a peaceful, green and a progressive city is a favorable destination to live. Many builders and real estate builders have come up with numerous residential projects across the city. Following are the localities with major residential colonies in Nellore:
Nellore ranks high when it comes to any district in Andhra Pradesh with great medical facility centers. Some of the best hospitals functioning in Nellore are given below:
Shopping in Nellore
Nellore as a city of the south has a grand market for agricultural goods. Along with this Nellore has a range of markets that fulfill the needs of customers residing in the city. Together with the traditional markets, Nellore also has malls to cater the needs of the urban population of the city. Here is the list of markets and malls in Nellore:
Markets in Nellore
Malls in Nellore
Nellore is linked by road with state and national highways. Nellore’s proximity to Krishnapatnam Port helps it in the field of sea trade.
APSRTC provides bus services to various areas of Andhra Pradesh from Nellore bus station. NH 5 connects Nellore to the Golden Quadrilateral which further connects Kolkata and Chennai.
Nellore railway station is on the Vijayawada-Chennai stretch of Howrah-Chennai broad gauge and is connected to most parts of India. Nellore Station is amongst the top hundred booking destinations of Indian Railway. The city has two small railway stations which include Nellore south and Vedayapalem.
Nellore has no airport of its own, but two airports - Tirupati Airport (125 Km from Nellore) in Tirupati and Chennai International Airport (193 Km from Nellore), Chennai are the closest airports to the city.
Main Tourist Attractions of the City
Nellore is the city known for marvelous temples and serene beaches. It has sanctuaries and zoos which set an example of how nature should be preserved. Following is the list of places that one must explore:
Nellore has few but quality educational institutes across the city. Nellore’s high literacy rate is proof of how inclusive education system of Nellore is. Below is the list of some of it best colleges and schools:
List of Top 10 Schools in Nellore
List of Top 15 Colleges in Nellore
Nellore's economy off late has started shifting towards IT, engineering and manufacturing sectors. Many companies have set up their units in the region which have given a huge boost to the employment industry in Nellore. Here is the list of top companies in Nellore:
List of Top 15 Private Sector Units in Nellore