Panaji also spelled Panjim, is the capital city of Goa. Panaji means ‘The Land That Never Floods’. The city is occupied with beautiful red-roofed Latin style houses.
Panaji was a small village until the mid-18th century when repeated epidemic plagues forced the Portuguese to leave their capital of Velha Goa (Ela or Old Goa). The city became the capital of Goas in 1843. Chiefly an administrative center, Panaji grew in commercial importance in the 1970s, and an industrial estate was established proximate.
The geographic coordinates of Panaji are 15.4909° North latitude and 73.8278° East longitude. The average elevation is 7 meter above sea level. The city of Panjim lies on the bank of river Mandovi. It is located on the island of Tiswadi.
The climate of Panaji is classified as tropical monsoon climate. The region has significant rainfall most months. The average temperature of the region is 27.4o C. Rainfall here averages at 2744 mm annually.
The economy of Panaji is most resilient and most developed in India because it is the capital city of Goa, the richest state in the country. Tourism is unquestionably the heart and soul of the economy of Panaji. Mining is another important sector after tourism that contributes to the economy. Other important sectors are fishing, manufacturing, food processing and service sector.
Major tourist attraction in and around the city are Basilica of Bom Jesus, Ashwem Beach, Reis Magos Fort, Old Goa, Tombs of St. Francis Xavier, Se Cathedral, Shantadurga Temple, Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Deltin, Royale Casino, Fontainhas, Doan Paula Beach, Miramar Beach, Patnem Colombo Beach, Mahalaxmi Temple, Mandovi River and Fort Terekhol.
Prominent local areas in Panaji are St. Inez, Fantainhas, Neugi Nagar, Dona Paula, Dada Vaidya Road, Dr. Roque De Souza Road, Campal, Althino, Miramar and Nevgi Nagar.
Panaji doesn’t have an airport. The nearest airport to the city is Dabolim Airport which is 25 km. The nearest railway station is located at Margao which is about 39 kilometers away. Travelers can easily hire a taxi from the railway station to reach Panaji.
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