Panchkula is a satellite city in the state of Haryana. It is a well-planned city of Chandigarh union territory. The name ‘Panchkula’ is derived from Sanskrit which means ‘The Land of Five Canals’. It is one of the cities of Tri-city along with Chandigarh and Mohali.
During the 8th century, the district of Panchkula was under the control of Kashmiri rulers. During the 12th century, it was acquired by Chauhans of Delhi. The invasion of Timur in 1398 destroyed the whole countryside. But under the rule of Mughal King Akbar, Panchkula got its glory back. It was later ruled by Rohillas and Marathas.
The geo coordinates of Panchkula are 30.6942° North latitude and 76.8606° East longitude. The average altitude is 365 meters above sea level. Cities close to Panchkula are Zirakpur (6 km), Pinjore (14 km) and Chandigarh (11 km).
Panchkula has sub-tropical continental monsoon climate. The average annual temperature of the region is 24.0o C. The average annual rainfall is 1029 mm. June is the warmest month whereas January is the coolest month. August is the wettest month of Panchkula.
Panchkula follows a mixed economic model with both industry and agriculture as its economic backbone. Within the agricultural sector, the region promotes forestry, fisheries and animal husbandry. Apart from industries and agriculture, Panchkula’s economy also survives itself on tourism.
Some of the places of tourist interest in Panchkula are Gurudwara Nana Sahib, Mata Mansa Devi Temple, Chatt Bir Zoo, Sarkaria Cactus Garden, Yadvinder Garden, Morni Fort: The Golden Bastion, Fun Factory and Alamgir Miran Sahib’s Tomb.
Some local areas in the city are Sector-20, Sector-5, Sector-27, Sector-6, Mansa Devi Complex, Sector-2, Sector-30, Pinjore, Sector-24, Sector-14, Sector-19, Morni, Surajpur and Raipur Rani.
Panchkula can be accessed through airways via Chandigarh airport. The city is accessible by trains via nearest Railway stations like Chandigarh, Chandi Mandir, Dappar, Sahibzada Nagar and Kalka.
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