Shimla is the largest and the capital city of Himachal Pradesh. It is the chief cultural, educational, and commercial hub of the state with many big research institutions and colleges. Shimla is also a major tourist spot of India. Every year thousands of people come to visit the city.
Until the 18th century, Shimla was a dense forest and a home to many wild animals. The Britishers developed Shimla into a city and started using it as a political center. Many buildings constructed by the Britishers like Viceregal Lodge and Shimla Town Hall are still present in the city.
Shimla lies in the Himalayan mountain ranges. The city is surrounded by Kullu and Mandi in the north, Kinnaur in the east, Sirmaur in southwest and Solan in the south. The geographic coordinates of Shimla are 31.1048° north latitude and 77.1734° east longitude. Average elevation is 2276 meters above sea level.
The climate of Shimla is very cool in winters and slightly warmer in summers. Winter commences in the month of June. January and February experience heavy snowfall. Most of the people visit Shimla during winters to witness snowfall.
Tourism is the major employment source of Shimla followed by the educational and horticultural processing sectors. The US Club Shimla has set up a Model Career Centre under the National Career Service to provide jobs to the people in the city. The hotel industry is another major income source for Shimla. Healthcare department is also flourishing in the city.
Some tourist attractions in and around Shimla are The Mall Road, Shimla State Museum, Tara Devi, Chail, Jhaku Hill, Christ Church, and Indian Institute of Advanced Study.
Some localities of Shimla are Lakkar Bazaar, Annadale, Chotta Shimla, and Dev Nagar.
National Highway 22 connects Shimla to Chandigarh. Local transport consists of bus services by HRTC and taxis. Shimla has its own airport - Shimla Airport, however, there are no regular flights to Shmla. SoChandigarh Airport is used to reach the city. The beautiful Kalka Shimla Railway Station is listed in the Guinness Book of Records for the steepest rise in altitude.
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