Sonipat also spelled as ‘Sonepat’ is a renowned city in the Indian state of Haryana. Founded as ‘Swarnaprastha’, it is a municipal council in Sonipat district. It is just 20 kilometers away from Delhi and comes under the national capital region.
Swarnaprastha was founded by the 5 Pandava brothers. It was one of the 5 Prasthas demanded by Yudhisthira as price of peace from Duryodhana instead of the kingdom of Hastinapur. The other 4 cities were Indraprastha, Baghprastha (Baghpat), Panprastha (Panipat) and Tilprastha (Tilat).
The geographic coordinates of Sonipat are 28.9288° north latitude and 77.0913° east longitude. The average elevation is 224 meters above sea level. The total area of Sonipat district is 2,260 km2. Yamuna is the main river and flows across the city. It is the major source of drinking water.
Sonipat has local steppe climate. There is very less rainfall throughout the year. Average annual rainfall is 653 mm and the average annual temperature is 24.9o C. June is the hottest month of the year.
The economy of Sonipat is industry based. Sonipat is the home of Atlas Cycle Industry, the biggest cycle manufacturer and Electric Construction and Equipment Co. Ltd. Other companies like LT Overseas (Global Rice Food Company) and OSRAM India, (Electric Bulb, CFL and Tubelight manufacturing company) is also located here.
Some places of tourist interest in and around the city are Ancient Pandav Place, Guru Gorakhnath Temple, Baba Dham, Baba Meer Mukand Sainipura, Buddhist Site of Worship, Tirath Satkumbh Temple, Tomb of Khwaja Khijr and Abdulla Naseer-ud-Din Mosque.
Major localities in the city are TDI City, Vijay Nagar, Sika Colony, Gohana, Kabirpura, Ganaur, Barona Dhaturi, Kundli, Rampur, Patel Nagar, Model Town, Murthal and Barhi.
The nearest airport to Sonipat is Indira Gandhi International Airport. Sonepat is very well-connected to various cities by railway network such as Chandigarh, New Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai, Kolkata etc. Sonipat Depot is the main bus stand in the city. There is regular bus service to neighboring cities.
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