Srinagar is the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located in the Kashmir valley. The city is famous for its lakes, houseboats, canals and Mughal gardens. It is also known for apples, Kashmiri handicrafts and dry fruits.
Srinagar is a beautiful city and was established about 2300 years ago by Emperor Ashoka. It was the favorite city of his daughter Charumati. The present Srinagar city was founded in the 6th century by King Pravarsen. He created various meandering waterways like the Dal Lake and the Nagin Lake. Around 930 CE, Srinagar was made the capital city of Kashmir.
Srinagar is located on the banks of river Jhelum at an altitude of 1585 meters. The geo coordinates are 34.0837° north latitude and 74.7973° east longitude. It is the largest town in Garhwal hills. The total area of Srinagar is 294 km2.
The climate of Srinagar is humid subtropical type. Summer is hot and humid with thunderstorms and winters are mild with little rainfall. Seasonality of the region is moderate. Total annual precipitation averages at 28 inches (710mm).
Srinagar got an important place in the economic map of India. Though tourism is the base of the economy but other businesses that have been developed due to tourism are hospitality, food and handicraft business. Other major businesses in the city are silk, leather, paper mache, wood items, silverware, copperware, and agro-products.
Srinagar is heaven for tourists. Major attractions in and around the city are Dal Lake, Shankaracharya Temple, Nishat Bagh, Shalimar Bagh, Chashme Shahi, Kheer Bhawani, Hari Parbat, Jamia Mosque, Rozal Bal, Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden, Dachingham National Park, Zabarwan Park, Zero Bridge, Kathi Darwaza and Naqash Villa.
Major localities in the city are Peerbagh, Natipora, Zainakote, Soura, Mujgund, Hamdaniya Colony, Bagh-I-Mahtab, Bemina, Hyderpora, Lawaypora, Kalnat Pora and Badami Bagh Cantonment.
Srinagar International Airport is located 12 km from the city center. Nowgam railway station is the main railway station in the city. It is well connected with other parts of India. J&KSRTC has its bus station in the city. There are regular bus services to neighboring cities.
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