Thrissur- Rich in Culture, Rich in Nature
Introduction of the City
Thrissur is a very famous city located in the center of Kerala. The city is also called ‘Cultural Capital of Kerala’. It is built on the same hillock where Vadakkunnathan Temple is situated. Thrissur is often referred to as ‘The Pooram City’ because of the famous Pooram festival celebrated here. The architectural design of Thrissur is worth special mentioning as it was envisioned by Sakthan Thampuran who was the erstwhile ruler of Cochin.
Actually, Thrissur is built around a vast open space called ‘Thekkinkadu maidanam’ surrounding the Vadakkunnathan temple. Around the maidanam lies the ‘Swaraj Round’. It is a circular ring road with many radial roads starting from it.
The city is cultural nerve of Kerala. It has historically been a center of Hindu scholarship. There are many Hindu temples located in the city. Apart from being the cultural nerve center of Kerala, Thrissur is also a major academic hub. It is home to several educational institutions.
History of Thrissur
History of Thrissur is connected with the Cheras of Sangam age. Cheras ruled over Kerala and made Vanchi Muthur their capital. From 9th to 12th century, the Kulasekharas of Kandanad took over the rule. From the 12th century onwards, Perumpadappu Swarupam ruled over the region. He had his headquarters at Kadanand (Mahodayapuram). Central Kerala was under the control of Perumpadappu Moopil. He was famous as “Kerala Chakravarthi”. In 14th and 15th centuries, the Samoothiri of Kozhikode managed to occupy a large part of Thrissur.
An old harbor named Kondugalloor attracted Europeans towards Prosperous Kerala for trading commodities like spices, coconuts, and fruits. In the 15th century, the Portuguese came here and invaded a large area. But during the 17th century, English and Dutch appeared and challenged the Portuguese with their huge armies. An internal conflict took place and Dutch managed to get their control over Perumpadappu Swarupam and establish their control at Kerala coast.
Haider Ali and Tipu sultan ruled over the northern part of Kerala during the 17th century. Thrissur’s modern history started with the swearing ceremony of Rama Varma Kunhjipilla Thampuran in 1790. He was also known as Sakthan Thampuran that means powerful king Thampuran. The mighty ruler Rama Varma Kunhjipilla Thampuran is legendary as the architect of Thrissur.
Geographical Location of Thrissur
Thrissur is situated in Central Kerala. The city is located at 10.52°N latitude and 76.21°E longitude. The average elevation is 2.83 meters mean sea level. The city is 133 kilometers southwest of Coimbatore, 75 kilometers north-east of Kochi, and 144 kilometers southeast of Kozhikode. Thrissur is located in midlands of Kerala. The city geographically is composed of crystalline schists and Archaean gneisses. The main rivers flowing in the district are the Chalakudy, the Periyar, the Kurumali River, the Ponnani (Bharatha Puzha) and the Karuvannur.
Climate of the City
The maximum temperature of the Thrissur in the summer season is 35oC while the minimum temperature is 22.5o Celsius. The winter season records an average temperature of 26o C. Monsoon receives heavy rainfall. The average precipitation recorded in Thrissur is 3500 mm. The city experiences the season of monsoon from June and remains until September. July is the wettest month.
Demographics, People, and Culture of Thrissur
According to 2011 census, the total population of Thrissur was 3,121,200. The number of males 1,480,763 and the female are 1,640,437 respectively. 9.74% of the total population falls under the age of 0-6 years.
The average literacy rate of the city is 95.08%. Male and female literacy rates are 96.78% and 93.56% respectively.
People of Thrissur represent the traditional South Indian culture. They’re famous for their hosting culture. You can always find them welcoming their guests with a loving pat and heartwarming smile. Different communities like Hindus, Muslims, and Christians etc. all live in peace and harmony in Thrissur. The mother language of Thrissur is Malayalam. People speak Tamil, Hindi, and English also.
Economic Status of Thrissur
Thrissur is a major commercial and financial hub of Kerala. The city is famous for plain gold and rolled gold jewelry production in south India and up to 70% of jewelry of Kerala is manufactured here.
Infopark- an IT park is home to many IT companies. About 29 companies are working in Thrissur Infopark campus. It has a direct employment potential of 4,000 IT workers with Special Employment Zone benefits upon the completion of the “INDEEVARAM” project.
Transport System in Thrissur
Thrissur is well connected to other cities in neighboring states. The transport system plays a crucial part in it. The locals and tourists are benefited as there are numerous modes of transport available in the city. There is a good connectivity of tourist buses and taxis.
You can access Thrissur by well-connected road transport system. The city has several bus depots which connect you to other cities. The main Bus Terminal is located in the middle of the city. The well-connected roads will offer you convenient drives to all tourist spots.
Thrissur Junction is the main railway station in the city. The main railway transport system in the city is operated by Southern Railway Zone. You can reach Thrissur from any part of India. Many express and superfast trains run from here. If you prefer to travel nearby destinations, you can catch local trains.
You can reach Thrissur easily by air. The city has not any local airport. The nearest airports are Nedumbassery International Airport in Cochin which is located 58 km and Kozhikode (Calicut) airport which is 80 km away from the city.
Distance to Major Towns from Thrissur in Kerala
|Guruvayur||27 km||30 minutes|
|Palakkad||65 km||1 hour 30 minutes|
|Kochi||71 km||2 hours|
|Alappuzha||130 km||3 hours|
|Kumarakom||131 km||3 hours|
|Kottayam||135 km||3 hours|
|Kollam||229 km||5 hours|
|Varkala||254 km||6 hours|
|Trivandrum||282 km||6 hours 30 minutes|
Sports in Thrissur
The people in Thrissur are sports enthusiasts. Football is the most popular sport in Thrissur city. Other popular games are cricket, badminton, basketball, volleyball and tennis. Some of the famous stadiums and grounds in Thrissur are:
The city also has two indoor stadiums: Thope Stadium and V K N Menon Indoor Stadium and a Sports Authority of India maintained swimming pool with the international facilities.
Famous Markets and Bazaars of Thrissur
Thrissur is heaven for shoppers. The city has several lively markets all across the city. Local handicrafts, brass works, clothes, spices, bell metal-curious, crafted jewelry, silk clothes, sandalwood figures and traditional Keralite crafts are some of the items to buy on your shopping expedition.
Some of the Famous Markets in Thrissur are:
Popular Shopping Malls in the City are:
Places of Tourist Interest in Thrissur
Thrissur is a famous tourist destination in the state of Kerala. The city is adorned with natural beauty and marvelous heritage. Several beautiful temples, architectures, museums, churches, serene beaches are located here.
The famous tourist attractions are mentioned below:
Hotels in Thrissur
Being one of the favorite tourist destinations in Kerala, thousands of visitors come every year to spend their holidays. There are several star rated and classic hotels located across the city.
List of Top Hotels in Thrissur:
Medical and Healthcare Facilities in Thrissur
Thrissur offers top class medical and healthcare facilities to the residents and tourists. The city has several supers specialty and multispecialty hospitals. These are:
Education Facilities in Thrissur
Thrissur has premium educational institutes that offer world class education. The city is occupied by several CBSE and ICSE board schools. It also has some good colleges that offer professional education.
List of Top CBSE Schools in Thrissur
List of Top ICSE Schools in Thrissur
List of Top Colleges in Thrissur
Employment Opportunities in Thrissur
Thrissur is one of the biggest and important cities of Kerala. It offers plentiful of job opportunities in public and private sectors. The presence of some public sector and private sector units create huge demand of manpower.
List of Public Sector Units in Thrissur
List of Private Sector Units in Thrissur
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